Women’s rights


Legislative framework for the protection of women’s rights in Uzbekistan

 Uzbekistan supports and endorses all initiatives of the United Nations aimed at ensuring the rights, freedoms and legitimate interests of women. Uzbekistan attaches great importance to ensuring the rights of all women, regardless of their nationality, language, religion, social origin, beliefs, personal and social status, and place of residence. The state ensures a balanced approach to improving a situation of women living in cities and rural areas.

Since the early days of the independence of our country highlighted the issue of legal, economic and social protection of women, the creation of all necessary conditions for a full development as a priority in the government policy.

The main directions of consistent and systematic policy to protect the rights, freedoms and legitimate interests of women in Uzbekistan are:

First, enforcement of adopted legislation in the field of protection of the rights and interests of women, maternal and child health, as well as measures to further improve the legal framework;

Second, continuous and comprehensive monitoring of a status of women’s rights, strengthening their role in family, society and management of public and government affairs;

Third, adoption and implementation of effective measures to ensure the employment of women, rendering all possible assistance for their employment, development of various forms of female entrepreneurship, especially in rural areas;

Fourth, preparation and implementation of measures aimed at improving the socio-political and socio-legal activeness of women, promoting active participation of women’s NGOs in social and political life of the country.

Consistent legal and institutional development of the national mechanism for advancement of women’s status began in 1995 when Uzbekistan was the first in Central Asia to join the UN Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women adopted by the UN General Assembly in 1979.

Uzbekistan’s accession to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (1966), the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (1966), the Convention on the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others (1949), the Convention on the Political Rights of Women (1952), the Convention on the Nationality of Married Women (1957), the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action (1995), as well as the UN Conventions against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (1984), anti-discrimination in Education (1960), on the Rights of the Child (1990), the ILO Conventions number 100 (1951) “On equal Remuneration for Men and Women Workers for work of Equal Value”, number 103 (1956) “On the protection of motherhood”, number 111 (1958) “On discrimination in respect of employment and occupation”, number 122 (1964) “On the Employment Policy”, number 138 (1973) concerning Minimum Age for Admission to Employment and the number 182 (1999) concerning the Prohibition and immediate Action for the Elimination of the Worst forms of Child Labour was a necessary international legal framework for a development of specific national measures to implement international standards for the protection of women’s rights into legislation and practice of public authorities.

Uzbekistan, as a signatory to the Millennium Declaration, took over the obligation to incorporate the objectives of the Declaration into the national development programs and compliance with the MDG schedule by 2015.

The republic is consistently implementing measures to achieve the Millennium Development Goals aimed primarily at reducing poverty and improving people’s lives, activation of the role of female factor in sustainable development of society, provision of equality of men and women.

The country reached ​​significant progress in education, gender equality, health and other issues that directly related to the care for welfare of women. All these measures are aimed primarily at unconditional implementation of the Convention, the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action and the outcome document of the twenty-third special session of the UN General Assembly “Women in 2000: gender equality, development and peace in the XXI century”.

Of particular importance is the Beijing Platform for Action adopted by the Fourth UN World Conference on Women In 1995. Its preamble and 12 chapters represent the most complete program on women’s rights with a global assessment of the situation of women and research strategies, policies and measures for the realization of the rights of women worldwide.

During recent years, Uzbekistan adopted the laws aimed at radical renewal and modernization of the country, improving the relationship between the state, society and the individual, namely:

• “On guarantees of the activities of NGOs,” of 3 January 2007;

• “On mass media” (new edition) of 15 January 2007;

• “On charity” of 2 May 2007;

• “On strengthening the role of political parties in renewal and further democratization of state governance and modernization of the country” of 11 April 2007;

• “On introducing amendments and addenda to some legislative acts of the Republic of Uzbekistan in connection with the abolition of the death penalty” of 11 July 2007;

• “On introducing amendments and addenda to some legislative acts of the Republic of Uzbekistan in connection with transfer to the courts the right to authorize the detention” of 11 July 2007;

• “On guarantees of the rights of the child” of 7 January 2008, “On Combating Trafficking in Human Beings” of 17 April 2008;

• “On social protection of persons with disabilities” (new edition) of 11 July 2008;

• “On prevention of micronutrient deficiency among the population” of 7 June 2010;

• “On Amendments and addenda to the Criminal Procedural Code of the Republic of Uzbekistan in connection with improvement of the order of cooperation between courts, prosecutors, investigators and investigation bodies with the competent authorities of foreign countries” of 28 September 2010;

• “On prevention of child neglect and juvenile delinquency” of 29 September 2010;

• Constitutional Law “On the next elections to representative bodies of state power and of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan” of 9 April 2012;

• “On family entrepreneurship” of 26 April 2012;

• “On protection of private property and guarantees of owners' rights” of 24 September 2012;

• “On Amendments and addenda to the Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan “On local citizens self-governance bodies" and the Law "On elections of chairman (aksakal) of citizens gatherings" (new edition) of 28 March 2013.

Under legislation adopted by the Government of Uzbekistan, ministries and agencies, non-governmental organizations conduct a systematic and consistent work to support and protect women’s rights and ensure their full participation in socio-political, socio-economic and cultural life of the country.

Of great importance are the adoption and implementation of the state programs adopted and implemented in conjunction with the:

• 2008 - Year of Youth;

• 2009 - Year of Rural Development and Improvement;

• 2010 - Year of harmoniously developed generation;

• 2011 - Year of small business and entrepreneurship;

• 2012 - Year of strengthening the family;

• 2013 - Year of prosperity and wellbeing;

• 2014 - Year of healthy child.

 

In this respect were adopted:

• Resolution of the President “On additional measures to protect a health of mother and child, formation of a healthy generation” of 13 April 2009;

• Resolution of the President “On the Program of measures to further strengthen and improve the effectiveness of ongoing work to improve reproductive health, birth of a healthy child, the formation of physically and spiritually developed generation during 2009-2013” of 1 July 2009;

• Decree of the President "On measures for further improvement of the system of court decrees fulfillment, logistical and financial support of the Judicial Department under the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Uzbekistan" of 2 March 2010;

• Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers "On measures to further enhance the effectiveness of medical and social and vocational rehabilitation of persons with disabilities" of 23 December 2010;

• Decree of the President "On the program of measures to implement the Concept of further deepening democratic reforms and formation of civil society" of 14 January 2011;

• Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers "On approval of the Regulation on application of financial sanctions against organizations for violation of legislation on employment and social protection of disabled persons, and also for suspension of activities of the organization for violation of legislation on labor protection " of 5 January 2011;

• Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers "On additional measures for implementation of the UN Millennium Development Goals in Uzbekistan" of 26 January 2011;

• Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers "On measures for further improvement of the system of non-formal education" of 28 February 2011;

• Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers "On measures for the preparation and conduct sample surveys of the population" of 14 March 2011;

• Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers "On the organization among the judicial authorities of a special "hotline" of 19 March 2011;

• Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers "On measures for further improvement of the system and the organization of leisure of children" of 10 March 2012;

• Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers "On additional measures for implementation in 2012-2013 of the ratified by Uzbekistan Convention on Forced Labour and the Convention on the Prohibition and Immediate Action for the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labour" of 26 March 2012;

• Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers "On additional measures to improve the social conditions of the families" of 7 April 2012 and others.

In general, provision of women's rights in Uzbekistan depends on a further strengthening of organizational and legal mechanisms and procedures for their implementation in practice, combining the efforts of government agencies and civil society institutions in this area, improving the legal culture of the population on issues of protection of women's rights.

Uzbekistan will consistently fulfill all its obligations under the Convention, and will continue to support all initiatives of the United Nations concerning the interests of women.

Our country is ready to open and constructive cooperation with the UN Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women and other international organizations for the advancement of women.