Child rights


Rights of the child

 

Republic of Uzbekistan is a young, independent state, 40% of which comprises of children under the age of 18 and 64% - youth under 30. In this respect, priority direction of the government policy in the field of human rights and freedoms is a creation of the best and favorable conditions for physical, intellectual and spiritual development of children and youth, and overall support of families with many kids, orphan kids and kids lacking of family environment.

 

Joining of the Republic of Uzbekistan in 1992 the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child contributed to formation of the government policy in the field of child’s rights protection, which is a consistently implemented activity by state bodies and public authorities at the sites to create an effective mechanism of legal regulation of relations arising with regard to implementation and protection of child rights. In this respect, priority direction of the government policy of Uzbekistan is a creation of necessary legal and organizational conditions and guarantees for observance and protection of child rights.

 

At provision of the child rights, Uzbekistan is also guided by the other key UN treaties such as:

·  International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

·  International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights

·  Convention on Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women

·  Convention on Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination

·  Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman and Degrading Treatment and Punishment.

 

After joining the main six international UN instruments, the Republic of Uzbekistan took the international commitments on provision of the child rights in compliance with commonly recognized principles and norms of international law.

In 2008, the Uzbek Parliament ratified the following international instruments concerning the child rights:

·   Convention of ILO on Minimal Age of Employment (4 April 2008);

·   Convention of ILO on Prohibition and Immediate Measures on Eradication of the Worst Forms of Child Labour (8 April 2008);

·  Protocol on Prevention and Suppression of Human Trading, especially Women and Children, and Punishment for it, supplementing the UN Convention against Transnational Organised Crime (8 July 2008);

·  Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography (11 December 2008);

·  Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the involvement of children in armed conflict (12 December 2008).

 

The Law On Guarantees of the Rights of the Child is the first special law in the legal history of Uzbekistan in the field of the child rights. Based on the purpose it is called to regulate relations regarding to definition of legal status of a child, to assure legally a provision of child rights and freedoms. Due to the targeted direction of the law, a main object of its regulation is monitoring of guarantees providing actual realization of child rights and interests. It is worth noting that more than half of the articles are on definition of guarantees of various child rights.

 

On 7 January 2008, despite the fact there are more than 100 laws in Uzbekistan regulating child rights and freedoms, the Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan On Guarantees of the Rights of the Child came into effect.